Abdominal Hysterectomy

What is Abdominal Hysterectomy

Did your doctor recommend abdominal hysterectomy, but gave you insufficient information as to what the operation is about? You do not need to stay uninformed, for by reading through this article you will be educated about abdominal hysterectomy, and what conditions are that would require it to be performed on you.

Abdominal hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which the woman's uterus is removed due to several reasons, all of them related to the female reproductive system.

It is usually viewed as a last resort for uterine problems, and deciding to undergo the procedure requires a doctor’s advice as well as careful deliberation since it will remove the woman’s capability to bear children.

What Are the Conditions that Require Abdominal Hysterectomy

Abdominal hysterectomy is performed to address several problems in a woman’s uterus, such as:

  • Painful menstruations or constant dysmenorrhea
  • Chronic pain in the pelvic area
  • Endometriosis, or a condition in which the womb’s tissue spreads to other areas of the uterus
  • Fibroids
  • Prolapse
  • Cancer

The Different Types of Abdominal Hysterectomy

Abdominal hysterectomy is actually just a generic name for a classification of procedures that are all undertaken to remove a woman’s uterus. There are four types of abdominal hysterectomy, and these are:

  • Supracervical hysterectomy: The procedure in which the cervix is left intact within the womb even if the uterus is removed.
  • Total hysterectomy: The procedure results in the removal of both the uterus and the cervix, and is the most common hysterectomy performed on women.>
  • Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Removes the fallopian tubes and the ovaries aside from the uterus and cervix.
  • Radical hysterectomy: The most extreme of the four, this hysterectomy entails removal of the uterus, cervic, ovaries, fallopian tubes, upper vagina, lymph nodes and some surrounding tissue.

Pre-Operation Procedures

Being a major surgery, abdominal hysterectomy requires extensive preparations that stretch back for a month before the actual procedure.

First, the doctor will require you to be admitted to the hospital for at most five days before the operation. During this time, your surgeons and nurses will prepare you for the upcoming operation. Preparations include:

  • Asking you to quit smoking to reduce the dangers of chest infection, and to speed up your recovery after the operation.
  • Stopping the use of oral contraceptives, usually a month before the procedure is undertaken.
  • Alternative birth control methods may be advised to avoid pregnancy during the actual procedure.

During the day of your operation, your anesthesiologist will restrict or altogether stop your food and liquid intake starting at most six hours before the actual procedure. However, occasional sips of water may be allowed providing that it does not exceed limits. The hospital will make routine checks on you, including heart rate, blood pressure and urine tests.

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