Abdominal Surgery Healing
Abdominal Surgery Treatment
There are several types of abdominal surgery procedures. Aside from these, there are also complications that need to be checked and monitored. This health guideline will help you understand the procedures.
The term abdominal surgery refers to surgical procedures done on the abdominal area, cavity and all the corresponding organs in that area.
Because the abdomen houses many organs, therefore there are several types and names for abdominal surgeries that are performed depending on the organ and region.
Here are a few examples of abdominal surgeries:
Appendectomy - This is common surgical case wherein the inflamed appendix, which lies in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen, is removed. A lot of people are very familiar with appendicitis which can lead to ruptured appendix leading to peritonitis and systematic sepsis if not taken out immediately.
Hysterectomy - This is a surgical procedure to extract the whole uterus usually connected with cancer findings. Other reasons for hysterectomy could be abnormal bleeding of the uterine and endometriosis. This procedure could be performed via abdomen operation.
Ostomies - Ostomies are abdominal surgeries that involve the gastrointestinal organs and creating a stoma or an outlet pouch for drainage. It would depend on what part of the intestines that is affected. Kock pouch (ileostomy) is the creation of an intra-abdominal stoma from the end ileum part of the small intestines. Colostomy works that same way. Part of the large intestines is surgical cut and place on the side for drainage.
Resections - Resections are incisions that do repair and sewing on organs. An example of a resection is done aortic aneurysms. They are repaired by doing sewing a graft on the damaged tissue.
Before the operation, the patient should be interviewed thoroughly. A history of medications should be taken. This is important information to avoid complications that can arise once the patient is on the operating table. Antibiotics for example can cause mild respiratory depression. Drugs like anticoagulants should also be stopped at least 72 hours before the surgery to decrease the risk of massive bleeding. The use of corticosteroids medication prior to the operation can depress the immune system causing the body to have weak defenses against infection afterwards. Even simple drugs like anti-hypertensives can cause serious trouble during operation. It can elevate the effects of anesthesia which can cause poor circulation and lowered heart activity. Before abdominal surgeries are performed a thorough history should be done.
After the surgery, patients recuperating from abdominal surgery are at risk for many things. That is why constant monitoring for signs and symptoms as well as vital signs is important. For example, a patient after abdominal surgery is a t risk for impaired gas exchanged. This is most probably related to hemorrhage cause by the surgery. This bleeding can obstruct the airways located in the lungs causing decreased gas exchange, leading to poor oxygen circulation and loss of consciousness. Thus the use respiratory equipment and monitoring is vital. And these equipments should always be present at the side of the patient. Another risk for the patient is injury. Since the patient has just had surgery he has impaired physical mobility. This means somebody has look after him. Just like before surgery, after surgery monitoring is equally important after abdominal surgery.