Complications of Hysterectomy

Complications of Abdominal Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is considered as a major kind of surgery. This is done to remove the uterus. There are a lot of reasons why you should undergo this surgery. It can be life threatening or not.

This procedure is common however just like any other kind of procedure; there are risks that go with it.

All procedures to remove the uterus got the same level of risks involved. There is what you call abdominal hysterectomy that involves the incision in the abdomen in order to remove uterus. Laparoscopic hysterectomy involves several small incisions done in the abdomen to place the camera inside the belly button. The uterus is grinded in pieces. Vaginal hysterectomy involves inserting tool inside the vagina to remove the uterus. There are a lot of complications involve in performing this kind of surgery.

  • Just like any type of surgery, bleeding is a risk in doing Hysterectomy. In the surgery process, it may need blood transfusion during the entire procedure.
  • Because there is a tool that is going to be inserted, infection can occur in the incision. It could be in the vagina, bladder and the abdomen. Infection really does happen even after a woman receive antibiotics. The worse infection may lead to abscess. The infection forms pus that needs to get drained. Infections are not that serious and could be treated with antibiotics.
  • The uterus is surrounded by a lot of nearby organs. This could damage during the procedure. Sometimes surgery could be difficult because of adhesions or large fibroids are along the way. This damage usually happens rarely. There are tubes that are carrying urine from the kidney to the bladder can be damaged. If the damaged is detected earlier then it could be repaired. The bladder can also be affected depending on the location of the injury. This could easily be repaired but the patient requires having a catheter for a period of time. Bowel can also be affected during the injury but it rarely goes to serious bowel injury.
  • Pelvic injuries even hysterectomy often result to blood clots in the legs or lungs. After the surgery, patients are usually given with blood thinner. Sometimes they are even required to put on special stockings in order to prevent complication. A patient who got a blood clot may need to drink blood thinner for months.
  • Women who undergo hysterectomy without removing their ovaries would most likely go to menopause sooner than expected. Woman will then feel early menopausal symptoms because this is triggered if a woman stops egg production. If you are not yet of age to undergo menopause, you may opt hormone replacement therapy that is proven to be effective. Early menopause can also involve the risk of having osteoporosis. Depending on your age it will best if you take medications.
  • Other complications include anemia, massive hemorrhage, bladder atony, liver failure, kidney shutdown and some unexpected events.


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