Diagnosis of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Diagnosis
When the upper genital tract of a woman has acute infection it is referred to as pelvic inflammatory disease. The disease can also involve the ovaries, oviducts and uterus. Before the disease gets worse it is necessary to consult a doctor for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease.
It is not that easy to diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease. This is because there are several tests conducted to diagnose the disease and the test starts with gynaecological examination and determining the symptoms. The doctor will examine the pelvic region and if there is abnormal vaginal discharge. The infection is identified by getting sample from the vagina and cervix for laboratory testing. However, there are instances in which swab test does not offer reliable results. That is why the doctor may recommend ultrasound scan or blood test. The scan will identify if the condition is severe but would not determine mild disease.
Procedures Used in Diagnosing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
- Ultrasound – When undergoing ultrasound an electronic device is used over the abdomen or inserted in the vagina. The device creates echoes converted into images of organs that is viewed on the screen or monitor. The procedure helps the doctor to determine if the fallopian tubes are swollen and if there is abscess.
- Laparoscopy – Another method of diagnosing pelvic inflammatory disease in which a telescope-like instrument is used. The device is inserted in the small incision below the navel in which the doctor can see the pelvic organs.
Pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to more serious health conditions when not given immediate treatment. That is why as soon as the doctor confirm the diagnosis it is necessary to follow the prescribe treatment. When given immediate attention, the disease can be treated by taking antibiotics to cure the infection. However, different antibiotics are prescribed because the infection is caused by few organisms. The antibiotics can be taken orally or intravenously. If taking oral medications make sure to finish the prescribed medication even if the symptoms fade away.
Moreover, in order not to aggravate the condition make sure to consult the doctor immediately as soon as you notice some symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease. In this sense, it is necessary to know the symptoms associated with the condition. The warning signs of having the disease include pain around the lower abdomen, discomfort during sexual intercourse, bleeding after sex and between periods, unusual vaginal discharge that is colored green or yellow, vomiting and fever as well as pain in the rectum. As long as you understand the symptoms as well as the procedures you can ensure to adapt immediate medical intervention in order to prevent the aggravation of the condition.