Different Birth Defects

How to Diagnose Birth Defects

What are different birth defects? What are the causes of birth defects? What are the symptoms? Is there a cure for people who were born with defects?

Birth defect can have an effect any part of a person body upon birth. Most of the common birth defects affect the heart. Babies less than 2 years old die because of heart problem which has a ratio of 1:30. Birth defects may also affect the spine and the brain that may cause serious problem in the life of the child leading to fatality.

Different Birth Defects

  • Achondroplasia: has damage to the spinal cord but has average intellect
  • Agenesis: has body part deficiency
  • Agenesis: has undeveloped lungs
  • Anencephaly: skull was not well developed
  • Aniridia the child was born without an iris
  • Anopthalmia: person does not have eyes upon birth
  • Anotia : born without ears
  • Biliary atresia: has undeveloped biliary tract
  • Bladder exstrophy: does not have complete closure of the anterior wall of the bladder
  • Cataract: has cloudy vision
  • Choanal atresia or stenosis bony structure blocks air passage
  • Cleft lip and cleft palate
  • Coarctation of the aorta: has abnormality in the cardiac circulation
  • Congenital hip dislocation
  • Conjoined twins.
  • Corpus callosum parts of the brain which are the cerebral hemispheres are connected
  • Craniosynostosis: skull development is repressed giving damage to the brains and eyes.
  • Cyclopia: only one eye is present
  • Diaphragmatic hernia: diaphragm is no completely developed that may affect lungs and heart
  • Down syndrome: mental retardation
  • Edwards syndrome: survival is uncommon unlike with down syndrome. Has skull deformity
  • Epispadias: malfunctioning of the genital parts
  • Esophageal stenosis or atresia: reduction or imperfect shape of the esophagus.
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome : A complete physical defect due to alcoholism of the mother at some point in pregnancy
  • Gastroschisis: has abnormality in the intestine
  • Hirschsprung disease: intestine are being stretch because of the absence of muscle in the colon
  • Holoprosencephaly: malfunctioning of the brain
  • Microcephaly: irregular size of the head
  • Microphthalmia: irregular size of the eyes
  • Microtia: undeveloped external ears
  • Patau Syndrome (Trisomy 13):undeveloped face with cleft lip
  • Pulmonary valve atresia or stenosis: a heart condition with missing pulmonary valve
  • Pyloric stenosis :thinning of the stomach cause the food being block
  • Renal agenesis or dysgenesid: undeveloped kidney
  • Spina bifida: damage spinal cord
  • Absence of the Stenosis or atresia of large intestine, rectum and anus
  • Talipes equinovarus (Clubfoot): undeveloped foot and ankle
  • Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD): heart ailment that mixes blood that are oxygenated from unoxygenated

If parent’s genes are not compatible it may result to birth defects. Mothers who have vices during their pregnancy stage such as alcoholism, smoking or drug addiction is also one factor that may affect the development of the fetus in the mother’s womb. Exposure to contaminated environment may also cause birth defects.

There are birth defects that can be cure through surgery but outmost test are needed to be sure that the well being of the child or person is safe before the surgery.


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