Effects of Alcoholism on Children

A Compilation of Studies Conducted on Alcoholism and Children

Alcoholism has been a common phenomenon in our society through the years. Many find themselves or their loved ones coping and battling with this problem. To better understand the true effects of alcoholism, here is a compilation of the studies that reflect the effect of alcoholism on the children of alcoholics.

We have probably seen through the movies, documentaries or even first-hand experience that alcoholism has a destructive effect on the alcoholic’s life, body and even to the lives of the alcoholic’s family and friends.

But there are still questions on how alcoholism has affected the lives of the children of the alcoholics. To answer this question, I compiled some of the effects of alcoholism on children based on the studies and surveys conducted on them.

Genetic Effects of Alcoholism on Children

In general, I noticed that the effects of alcoholism on children of alcoholics can be grouped into the following: the genetic effects, the emotional and behavioral effects and the social and performance effects. Medical experts posit that the children of alcoholics are in a greater danger of being alcoholics themselves even if they are raised by non-alcoholic parents. This is because the chemical imbalance created by alcoholism in the body of the parent gets transmitted to the children, thus exposing him to a greater danger of being an alcoholic himself.

Emotional and Behavioral Effects of Alcoholism on Children

Studies show that children of alcoholics, as compared to children of non-alcoholics have higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress which mean lower self-esteem. As the parent lessens his or her drinking, studies show that the child’s depression, anxiety and stress also lessen. The child’s self-image is also affected by the parent’s alcoholism as the child has a low conception of himself and suffers from negative self-image. Studies also show that children of alcoholics more often manifest behavioral problems such as stealing, lying, fighting, and other school behavior problems, as well as other conduct disorders. Children of alcoholics also tend to be in a greater risk of being delinquents than children of non-alcoholics.

Social and Performance Effects of Alcoholism on Children

The social and performance levels of children of alcoholics are also affected by the alcoholism of the parent. Studies have shown that children of alcoholics have lower IQ than children of non-alcoholic. They have lower conceptual and abstract reasoning scores as well as verbal scores. Children of alcoholics also suffer from deficiencies in reading in arithmetic. Studies also show that children of alcoholics have a lower image of their competence as may be because their alcoholic parents also have a lower impression of their children’s competence than what they are actually capable of. Children of alcoholic parents also seemed to be having more academic problems in school. These children are more prone to failing subjects and repeating them as well as a greater risk in not graduating at all. Often, these children would need the help of psychologists.

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