Foot Pain during Pregnancy
Causes and Treatment of Foot Pain during Pregnancy
During pregnancy, a woman’s body undergoes many changes, among which, weight is the most obvious one. Weight gain is a definite change. Whether pregnant women gain much weight or just a little, foot pain is often a common complaint.
The body tries to adjust to the new weight which adds pressure to her whole body, most especially to her back, knees, leg, and feet. As a result, leg cramps, feet pains, and back pains may often be felt.
Pregnancy Foot Pain Causes
With a heavier frame and a bulging belly, posture is definitely affected. Weight shifting and balancing may be done improperly most especially while sitting, standing, bending, and walking. Work and chores become more difficult lifting objects, pulling objects, and pushing objects.
Another condition that causes foot pain is overpronation. In this, the arch flattens and the feet tend to roll inwards during walking. Heel and arch pains may be felt. The ball of one’s foot may feel pain as well. In severe cases, a pregnant woman may develop plantar fascitis (severe heel pains).
In the second and third trimester, water retention or Edema becomes a known and usual problem, and foot pain is an accompanying condition. Edema is a circulatory problem and a woman experiences fluid retention. Blood circulation slows down and blood accumulates in one’s lower extremities. The feet swell. Bloating and discoloration may be observed. In extreme cases, the face and hand may swell. Always consult your doctor in times like this.
Foot Pain Treatments
Treat and prevent feet swelling and fluid retention by elevating your feet often. Prop your feet on pillows and raise them. Do not wear tight socks, stockings, and tight footwear. These restrict circulation. Stretch your legs often and maintain some regular form of body exercise. Do feet rotation exercises regularly, alternating exercises on both feet.
Place importance on good dieting. Avoid salty foods. Keep an abundant intake of fluids. Have lots of fruits and natural fruit juices. Avoid artificial sweetening. Eat healthy foods and avoid unnecessary weight gain. Normal weight gain ranges from 25 lbs. to 35 lbs.
It is best to sleep on your side most especially during the last two trimesters of your pregnancy. Sleeping on your back causes undue pressure on your back. Sleeping on your side is also good for your heart as it is relieved of pressure as well.
To prevent varicose veins and foot pain, wear appropriate and well supported footwear. Arch support must be good. If possible, stick to regular walking shoes like athletic shoes and comfortable footwear such as sneakers. Added orthotics may be purchased and fitted on your shoes. Have enough cushioning while maintaining feet support. Stay away from shoes with high heels. If you can, wear flat shoes for most of your pregnancy period. You can always go back and use your high heels after delivery. Also, stay away from pointed shoes. Settle for round and square shaped shoes (around the toe areas).
Ice packs and liniment may also help relieve foot pain. When bearable, walk your foot pain (and foot cramp) out during the day and stretch your toes outward for night cramps.