Inflammatory Bowel Disease Diagnosis

Treating Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Treating inflammatory bowel disease at the earliest helps to tackle the same from becoming acute and severe. Inflammatory bowel disease diagnosis gives a candid picture of the disease. Basically it includes two types- Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis. Various genes have been found responsible for the same. The disease may cause symptoms like diarrhoea, pain, fever and body cramps.

Inflammatory disease may occur when there is a reaction of the body to the intestinal tract. Basically there are two types of bowel disease- Crohn disease and Ulcerative Colitis. While the ulcerative colitis is basically limited to the colon, the Crohn disease is known to spread to any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Thus you can suffer from Crohn disease from mouth to anus in any part.

Both these diseases are known to inflame the lining of the intestine; there can be rectal bleeding, diarrhoea, followed by cramps and fever.

Aim of treating IBD

The prime aim of treating IBD is to treat not just the disease but also prevent it from flaring up yet again as well as to reduce the symptoms of the disease, thus enabling the patient to restore a normal lifestyle without the disease.
Both these diseases are said to be quite different from each other but in spite of this fact, there are a number of treatments which work same for both the diseases. The patients who suffer from these diseases may have very severe pain, the intensity of which may be extreme. If there is inflammation being witnessed in the disease then it is concluded that the disease is in its active phase. On the other hand if the inflammation is not severe or is completely absent then it is said that the disease is in a state of remission. So before medications can be started, it is imperative for the doctor to understand how much sever the inflammation is, once this is clear only then medications should start.

Diagnosing the Disease

On the basis of various researches there have been a number of genes which have been found to be linked with the inflammatory bowel disease. Some of the genes include IBD1 gene, NOD2 gene. The NOD2 gene has been found to be closely associated with the Crohn disease and it has around 60 variations. What needs to be taken into account is that though these genes enable the IBD to occur but it is not necessary that they will also allow the disease to grow further.

It is to be noted that IBD is somewhat hereditary also. Thus the first degree relatives are likely to get this disease. Also the children of the parents who suffer from the bowel disease too may get this disease.
Sometimes surgery is also resorted to in case the symptoms or the inflammation is flaring up again and again. The surgery is performed only be the experienced colorectal surgeons.

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