Information on Antibiotics

Know About the Antibiotics

Antibiotic is a drug that is produced by microorganisms the growth of other microorganisms in diluted form. Basically it affects bacteria and reacts in different ways. Years between 1928 and 1940 were very important in the field of antibiotics.

In 1928 Sir Alexander Fleming, first got the trace of Penicillium and named the substance penicillin which is a major antibiotic till date.

Sulfonamides, the first class of antibacterial agents were discovered in 1935 by German chemist named Gerhard Domagk. However by 1941 penicillin had been tested in humans and was being used to treat serious infections. There are different classes of antibiotics. They are

Aminoglycosides
Cephalosporins
Fluoroquinolones
Macrolides
Penicillins
Tetracyclines
Ansamycins,
Polypeptides
Quinolones
Sulfonamides
 

Antibiotics range from the popular ointments like Neosporin to intravenously injected antibiotics. They effect infections in minor cuts and scraps as well as life threatening infections.


Ranging from popular antibiotic ointments (such as Neosporin) to intravenously injected antibiotic solutions, these drugs have proven effectiveness in eliminating bacterial infections that arise from minor cuts and scrapes as well as life-threatening system-wide infections.

Side-effect of antibiotics

 

Although antibiotics are claimed as safe drugs, yet some people have reported allergic reactions after consuming antibiotics such as penicillin and others. The common symptoms include swelling in the throat, respiratory problems, rashes, skin problems and itching. If you suspect the reactions as an allergic reactions to most important step at that moment of time the medication and consult your doctor.

Side-effects cult recalls antibiotics wipe out the natural bacterial flora and which acts and protection" the lining of the intestine, vaginal cavity. These needs to the growth of many and desired microorganisms that gods and side-effects. Surveys suggest that continuous ingestion of what is known as “good bacteria” which are also known as priobiotics may prevent or stop the side-effects.

Problem arises when bacteria become resistant to antibiotics by incorrect use of antibiotics. Antibiotics should not be used now and then just to get rid of the disease; rather proper antibiotic should be used for the appropriate disease. Antibiotics are more effective in bacterial infections rather than common by the infections such as common cold, acute bronchitis etc. Even sometimes fewer bacterial infections do not respond to antibiotics. Antibiotics are more effective if doctor’s instructions are followed by consuming them. Most importantly the full course of antibiotics should be completed as prescribed by the doctor. Antibiotic should not be discontinued and again reused for the second time because this process disrupts the resistant process of the bacteria and hence the cycle is not complete. In the process it allows the relatively resistant bacteria to survive. Every time antibiotics are used some resistant microorganisms are created which become more resistant to the same antibiotics next time they are used. Therefore antibiotics would be consumed when they had needed the most in the perfectly prescribed way by the doctor. If used properly, antibiotics can prove themselves as life-saving drugs for the entire family, locality and finally the whole world.
 

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