Signs and Symptoms of Acute Renal Failure

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Acute Renal Failure

Sometimes, it is not just enough that we treat the cause of the disease just like in kidney failure. This condition can be best resolved by means of providing relief from its manifestations. That is why you must be aware of the signs and symptoms of acute renal failure.

During the course of the acute renal failure, affected person may experience great deal of discomfort brought by its manifestations. In order for the doctor to order the right medications for these manifestations, it is first a protocol to identify the signs and symptoms of acute renal failure.

What is ARF?

ARF or the acute renal failure is also called as acute kidney injury. This is characterized by the abrupt loss of the function of the kidney cells. There are many causes of the disease. These include decreased blood pressure, exposure to some chemicals that may be dangerous to the urinary tract as well as possible blockage of the passageways of the urine. When this is not reversed, this condition may lead to possible complications like imbalance of the fluid in the body as well as organ damages. In the hospital setting, it is a must that detection of the signs and symptoms of the disease must be determined. Data about this will help treat the condition. Some of the signs and symptoms of ARF are as follows:

  • Flank Pain
  •  Dehydration
  • Edema

Flank Pain

One of the first manifestation that you can observe or hear from the patients with acute renal failure is flank pain. This is the pain that is felt at the lumbar part of the back where the kidney is located. The pain happens because of the stretching of the kidney's capsule of fibrous tissues. The stretching of this part of the kidney is due to the presence of water accumulating in the system of the affected individual.

Dehydration

When the injury in the kidney is the because of dehydration, the involved individual may manifest extreme thirst. This is in response to the body's need for fluid replacement. There are indications of dehydration that you must also watch out for. Examples of these are poor skin turgor, sunken eyeballs, dry skin, weight loss and dry hair. The amount of water that must be ingested by the patient with ARF is calculated by the physician using standard hospital dehydration formulas. When this is already calculated, the nurse usually carries out the order.

Edema

Aside from the previously mentioned signs and symptoms, a patient with this condition may also experience development of edema. This is a condition where excessive water that must be eliminated already accumulated in the interstitial spaces of the human body. In worse cases, there is the so-called pulmonary edema. This is a condition where the lungs are filled with water. This makes the breathing pattern of the concerned person be affected. In most cases, there is difficulty of breathing that may be experienced by the ARF patient.

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