Signs of Scleroderma

What Are The Signs and Symptoms Of Scleroderma

Scleroderma is a serious condition that involves the connective tissues. This usually needs to be detected immediately because when overlooked, it may lead to other serious sequelae or complications. In connection with this, you have to know some of the signs of scleroderma.

The signs of scleroderma are oftentimes ignored by the person that is already suffering from the disease. Unknowingly, it is important to pay urgent attention at the very start of the disease in order to avoid further complications.

What is Scleroderma?

In order to fully understand the symptoms of the condition, it is best for you to know the real definition of the disorder. When we say scleroderma, it refers to the disease of the connective tissues in the body brought by autoimmune cause. Autoimmune means that your own immune system is oversensitive up to the point that it is the one responsible in the occurrence of some diseases. When the leukocytes of the immune system attack the connective tissues, it leaves a scar formation in it. When a specific connective tissue experienced scarring, it will eventually lose its normal function. The signs and symptoms of scleroderma vary depending on the part that is involved.

Raynaud's Phenomenon

The first sign of scleroderma is the so-called Raynaud's phenomenon. This sign happens when there is localized form of scleroderma. This phenomenon is basically characterized by cold and white hands and feet that is brought by the anxiety experienced. Raynaud's phenomenon happens when the blood vessels in the feet and the hands contract. This means that the vessels in those particular areas are constricting. Constriction of vessels means that they are narrowing their diameters. The tunica intima of the vessels narrows that result to the decrease blood flow to the feet and the hands.

Skin Problem or Morphea

Skin problems are also associated with the occurrence of scleroderma. What you will notice in a person with this condition is the patching of some portions of the skin. As a result, that particular part hardens. Since there is destruction of the connective tissues in this condition, there will be subjective tightening of the skin. According to sources, morphea is the term used to denote scleroderma of the skin. The thickenings of the skin here are characterized by purple or pink halo that surrounds some white and yellowish skin part. Furthermore, there is also blood flow lapse in this condition.

Esophageal Dysfunction

Another symptom of scleroderma is esophageal dysfunction. The main reason why there is esophageal dysfunction is because of the damage of the connective tissue surrounding the esophagus. When there is presence of esophageal dysfunction, there is weak swallowing of the foods that the affected person may experience. Moreover, he is at high risk of aspiration because the food ingested has the chance to go to the lungs. You will also observe that when esophageal dysfunction is present, the affected individual has some nutritional deficiencies.

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